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          澳门星际体育投注网

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          澳门星际体育投注网,2008Ruralinfrastructureandpublicservicesystemconstitu,improvingruralinfrastructureandpublicservice,thegovernmenthasincreasedinp,theoutdatedruralinfrastructurehasnotwitnessedanymajorimproveme,thisurban-ruralgapcanbeattributed,toaverylargeextent,,inwhich"agricultureispromotedbyindustryandcountrysideissupportedbycity",ChinahasalreadypossessedthebasicconditionsandcapacitiestoshifttheemphasisofthecoyofpublicproductsinChinasruralareashaslongobservedthebasicprincipleof"self-reliancefirstandgovernmentsupportsecond".Thesupplyofruralpublicproductshasbeenmainlyrelyingonthepeasantsthemselves,,medicalcare,socialsecurity,publicinfrastructureandotherpublicservices,,itfatilthe16thPartyCongresswstructionofanewsocialistcountrysideasamajorhistorictaskanddecided,forthefirsttimeinhistory,"threereductions"(reductionofagriculturaltax,reductionoftaxonspecialagriculturalproductsandreductionofchargesforruraleducation)and"threesubsidies"(subsidiesforgrainproduction,seedsimprovementandthepurchaseofagriculturalmachines),aseri,thesupportofpublicfinancetoruraldevelopmentshiftedfromthepastnarrowscopeofagriculturalproducti,ruraleducation,health,culture,roadconstruction,drinkingwaterforhumansandanimals,anduralinfrastructureandsocialundertakingssincethe16thPartyCongress,ruralinfrastructureconstructi,,th,atotalof870,000kilometersofruralroadswereeitherconstructedorreconstructed,with580,,325,000kilometersofruralroadswereconstructedorreconstructed,458townshipsortownsand17,764administrativevillageswereconnectedwithhighways,and1,708townshipsortownsand43,,thetotalmileageofChina,%%oftheadministrativevillageshadbeenconnectedwithhighways,%%of,Chinas,,,,theconstructionofruralwatercontrolfacilities,featuringthewater-savingtransformationprojectsinthelargeirrigatedareas,thewater-savingirrigationdemonstrationprojectsandthewatercontrolexperimentsinthepastoralareas,,,,eachbeing300,000mu,,,,theareaundersprayirrigation,,andtheareaunderrain-collec%ofthetotallengthofvariouschannelsintheirrigationareas,eachbeingmorethan10,edCurrently,97%ofChinastownshipsandtownscanbeconnectedwiththeInternetand92%,thereareover6,"three-in-one"integratedinformationserviceplatformsthatincorporatetheadvantagesoftelephone,(county,townshipandvillage)informat%oftheadministrativevillagesacrossthecountry,,telephoneservicecovered13,740newadministrativevillages,,atotalof6700centralandgrass-rootsservicestationswereestablishedbyrelyingonthepubliclibrariesatvariouslevelsandtheculturalstationsatthetownship,ndthemoderndistanceeducationprojectforruralprimaryandmiddleschoolshaverespectivelybuilt197,000and181,,anationwidesductionandlife,andhaspreliminarilysolvedtheirdifficultiesinreadingbooksandwatchingmovies,andhasenrichedtheirspare-timeculturallife.ByZhaoJinping,ResearchTeamonEconomicTrendAnalysis,ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelations,~3YearsAreRequiredtoEliminatetheImpactofCreditSqueezeCurrently,,thepressuretestresultoffinancialinstitutionsindicatesthattheleadandiswithinthe,theconfidenceoffinancialmarketshassomewhatpickedup,withtheleadingstockmarketsbeginningtobounceback,,thepossibilitythattherecessionofthereal,theeconomiesinEurope,theUnitedStatesandJapa,icexpectationfrom"continueddrasticdeterioration"to"deteriorationbeginningtoease",,%havingbeenmaterialized,,manyprivatefundsarewillingtoparticipatebecauseanacquisitionframeworkhasbeenformedforgate,therehavebeenconcernsearlierthatthedebtandeconomiccrisishittingsomecountriesinEastandCentralEuropemightburdenthefinantrengthafterthe20-nationLondonconference,thefundingasstabilizehasalsoproduce,SouthKoreaseconomicgrowthinthefirstquarterwasbetterthaninthefourthqua,~,thenonperformingasssexperienceindicatesthataftertheburstofitsbubbleeconomy,ittookabouttwoandcgrowth,theworldeconomicsituationconfrontingthe,thenumberoflocalbankbankruptciesintheUnitedStateshasrisento36sincethebeginningofthisyear,morethanthetotalnumberof25registeredinthewholeyearof2008."Problembanks"are20%,themajorfinan,threebanksinGermanyandSwitzerlandstillhavethehrtotalprofitforthefirsttimeinthefinancialyearendinginMarch,,,21commercialbanksintheUnitedStateswhichhadr%ngEconomiesAreMoreLikelytoBottomoutThisYearInthefirstquarterof2009,%,%%,,theeconomiesintheUnitedStates,%,%%,theleadingdevel,althoughindustrialproductionhasyettoovercomeitsyear-on-yeardecline,%in,thecompositeindexofleadingindicatorsoftheWorldMajorEnterprisesAssociationintheUnitedStatesrose1%,thisindexus,thefinancialmarketsintheUnitedStates,EuropeandJapanallsawtheirlong-terminterestratesrisingsinceApril,,theconsumerconfidenceindexintheUnitedStatespostedasharpriseoverthepreviousmonth,,theeconomicstimuluspackagesofthelead,JaheUnitedStates,%,%%,theprojecti,%,,Japanseconomicdeclinein2009mayshrinkfromtheearlierprojected5%toabout3%.Therefore,wecandeterminethattheeconomicdownturnintheleadingdevelopedcountrieswilleasevisiblyinthesecondandt,creditsqueezeisunlikelytobefundamentall,evenifthedevelopedeconomiesmoveoutofrecession,ages,wecannotruleoutthepossibilitythattheseeconomieswillfallag,theworldeconomywillexperienceaprocessfeaturingalowgrowthrateandatortuousrecoveryinthe2~3yearsfrom2010.

          澳门星际体育投注网LiuShijinI."TwoReplacements"playgreaterrolesThisyearandespeciallysincethesecondquarter,,morepositivefact,,thegovernehasbeenhigh,theratefromregionalonomicrebound,e,thecountryseconomicgrowthinthisroundofrestructuringcouldhavefallentoabout1%.Two,socialinvestmentshavebeguntofollowup,,realestateandautomaking,,%.Inparticular,therealestateindustryhasexped%%,%%,%%,,,thetotalretailofconsumergoodswentupbyover16%,thedeclineofexportinkindhasbecomelessdramaticifthepricefactorisdeducted,,Chinasexpo,China,China,aare,whethertheseforcesaresustainable,,weshouldunderstandthe"logic"ofthisroundofeconomicreboundandusethislogictoexplai,themainfactorsinfluencingtherecenteconomicreboundcanbesummarizedas"tworeplacements".The"firstreplacement"meansthatwhenashort-termhugedemandgapappearedandtheeconomysliddownrapidlyduetotheshockoftheinternationalfinancialcrisisandtheimpactofthedomesticeconomiccyclicdownturn,astimuluspackagewasintroducedmainlytoincreasegovernmentinvestmentstonarro"secondreplacement"meansthatwhentheeconomybegantoreboundduetotheimplementationofthestimuluspackagebutmassgovernmentinvestmentscannotlastlongandwillproduceadegressiveeffect,theensuingdemandgapshouldbecoveredbymarket-driveninvestmentandconsumptionandthelatterwillgcondbottom,,itispossiblethatChinasgrowthratewillreach8%inablefactorsAtthesametime,,thefinancialsystembeginstostabilizeaftertheattackofthecrisis,,,EuropeandJapancanpostpositivegrowthsattheendofthisyearorsometimenextyearasmostpeopleexpect,,,theconsuructuralconstraintstothespaceofChina,thereb,becausethesocialinvestmentintherealeconomyhasjustbeguntopickupandtheconfidenceisstillunstable,becausethehikingassetpricesontherealestateandstockmarketshaveattractedsomefundsandinturnaffectthereboundoftherealeconomyandthisshort-termpricehikingalsocontainstheriskofsharpriseandfall,becausetheconsumptiongrowthhasbeenbolsteredbypolicysupportandasthetimegoeson,d,becausetherecoveryoftheexport-orientedcoastalregionsandenterprisesinthesoutheastregionhasbeenslowandonlythereboundofinfrastructureconstructionandrelatedindustrieshasbeenstrong,becausethelargeenterprisesandprojectsdirectlyfundedorsupportedbythegovernmenthavesufficientfunds,butthevastnumberstscannotlastlongandthespacewillgraduallybecomesmallerasthetimegoesby,andmeanthatthemassreleaseofcreditfundssincetheendoflastyearisanexpedientmeasuretocopewithaspecialcaseandcannotlastlong....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.——CaseStudiesonSMEsinNingboandWenzhouCitiesByGongSenWangLiejun,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo020,2009FromNovember7to10andfromNovember28toDecember1,2008,weconducted,throughvariouschannels,somesurveysandmadecasestudiesontheoperations,adjustmentsandlaborlawenforcementofsomesmallandmediumenterprises(SMEs)inthetwocitiesofNingboandWenzhou,ZhejiangProvinceoverth,wemadesurveysonfiveSMEsinacounty-levelcity(seetable1fordetailedinformationabouttheirproductionandoperation).ThefiveSMEsweredistributedinthesectorsofhomesupplies,plasticproducts,autoparts,safetyequipment,~,,wemadesurveysonsixSMEs(seetable2fordetailedinformationabouttheirproductionandoperation),footwear,clothes,partsformotorcyclesandelectricbicycles,~,ear-on-yearslideinproductionandoperationComparedwiththepreviousyear,fourofthefi%~50%.Whileoneenterpriseproducingexport-orientedhomesuppliessufferedafallofover50%,,threeenterprisescutby20%~60%,

          LongGuoqiang,ZhangLiping,HuJiangyunFangJinTodevelopindependentinnovationisanimportantt,tobuildcapacityofindependentinnothe,thenumberofforeign-investedenterprises(FIEs)approvedbyChinahadreachedanaccumulativetotalof670,tionintobetterplayisaquiteimportantissueforChina’studies,theTaskForce1hascomeupw,wecarriedoutaquestionnairesurveyamongforeign-investedmanufacturingenterprisesandforeign-investedRDcenters(institutions),,wehaveputforwardpolicysuggestionsongivingfullplaytothepositiveroleplayedbyFIEsinindependentinnovation..,independentinnovationcomesupinthreedifferentforms,namely,originalinnovation,integrdtheimplicationof"independent”,effectivepoliciesforfacilitatingindependentinnovationcannotbeformunovationactivities:ledbyChinesecorporatebodies(enterprisesorteachingandresearchinstitutions),beneficialtoformingorenhancingtheinnovationabilityofChineseenterprises/institutions,andentinnovation,thenitw,thedefinit,theinnovationactivitiesconductedby,someoverseascompaniesentrusttheirRDprojectstoChineseenterprisesorRDinstitutions,withtheChineseinstitutionshavingneitherdecision-makinganddominatingrightsovertheprojectsnorintellectualpropertyrights(IPRs)onductresearch,whereastheoverseasinstitutionisnotthesubsidiaryoftheChineseenterpriseandsuchactivitiesarenotbeneficialtoformingorenhancingtheRDcapacityofChina,,someChineseautoenterprisesentrustEuropeandesigningcompaniestoworkoutnewtypesofcarstobeproducedinChina,,thentheRDactivitieswillberegardedasinnition,,HuaweiGrouphassetupsomeRDcentersoverseasandhasconductedinnovationactivitiesthroughthosecentersanditsatisfiesthethreeconditions,thus,theactivitiesconductedbyHua,yettheIPRsdonotbelongtotheChineseentitiesbuttoanoverseascompany,thensuchanactivityshouldnotberegardedasindependentinnovation,,someODMprojectshavebeenresearchedanddevelopedbyChineseenterprisescannotberegardedasinovationTherehavebeencontroversiesovertherelationctanberegrd,tojudgewhetheraninnovationactivityisanindependentinnovationshouldnotbebased,transnationalcorporationshavesetupmorethanonethousandRDinstitutionsinChinaandquiteanuldbeviewedasindependentinnovation,whileothershavenotcompliedw,PanAsiaTechnicalAutomotiveCenterisajointventureestablishedbyGeneralMotorsCorporationandSAICMotorwi,someofPanAsia’sRDactivitiesconductedinChinashouldbeviewedasindepend,althoughanumberofforeign-investedRDinstitutionshaveregisteredthemselvesinChinaasChina-basedcompaniesandarecompetentindoingresearchanddevelopment,however,astheRDdecisionsaremadebytheiroverseasparentcompanies,theydonothavethedominatingrightoverRDactivitiesandtheintellectualpropertyrightsovertheirRDresultsareownedbytheiroverseasparentcompanies,therefore,,therelationshipsbetweenFIEsandindependentinnovationandbetweensuchentalpartofindependentinnovation.e路发体育在线——CaseStudiesonSMEsinNingboandWenzhouCitiesByGongSenWangLiejun,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo020,2009FromNovember7to10andfromNovember28toDecember1,2008,weconducted,throughvariouschannels,somesurveysandmadecasestudiesontheoperations,adjustmentsandlaborlawenforcementofsomesmallandmediumenterprises(SMEs)inthetwocitiesofNingboandWenzhou,ZhejiangProvinceoverth,wemadesurveysonfiveSMEsinacounty-levelcity(seetable1fordetailedinformationabouttheirproductionandoperation).ThefiveSMEsweredistributedinthesectorsofhomesupplies,plasticproducts,autoparts,safetyequipment,~,,wemadesurveysonsixSMEs(seetable2fordetailedinformationabouttheirproductionandoperation),footwear,clothes,partsformotorcyclesandelectricbicycles,~,ear-on-yearslideinproductionandoperationComparedwiththepreviousyear,fourofthefi%~50%.Whileoneenterpriseproducingexport-orientedhomesuppliessufferedafallofover50%,,threeenterprisescutby20%~60%,

          ByLinJiabin,,2006TheEconomicSocialAffairsDepartmentoftheOfficeoftheStateCouncilLeadingGroupforWesternDevelopmentandtheResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCounciljointlycarriedoutthe"StudyontheCountermeasuresforImprovementofRuralPublicServicesintheWesternRegion".Basedontheresearchfindingsofthestudy,weproposedthefollowingviewsandrecommendationsregardinghowtospeedupteWesternRegionTheobjectiveof"equalizationofpublicservices"isexpresslyproposedforthefirsttimeinthe"RecommendationsoftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaontheFormulationofthe11thFive-YearPlanfortheDomesticEconomicandSocialDevelopment".InviewofthepracticalsituationofChina,thesignificantanddifficultpointsofrealizingtheobjectiveofequalizadway,basedontheobjectiveof"equalizationofpublicservices",itisofgreatsignificanc,itistheemarkabledifferencefromthenationalaveragelevelalareasofthewesternregioncouldenableittograduallyapproachandcatchupwiththenationalaveragelevel,andthereforefulfilltheobjectiv,itisrequiredforbridgingthegapofresidentswelfarebetweendifferentareasandurbanandruralareas,welfareistofulfilltheequalizationofbasicpublicservicesbymeansofgovernment,itistoguaranteethatsuchbasicpublicservicesastheminimumsocialsecurity,fundamentaleducationandbasicmedicalandhygieneconditionswillcoverallthepopulationsothatnthereductionofthegapofcurrentresidentswelfare,butmoreimportantly,,suchaseducationandmedicalandhygieneconditions,areinfactequivalenttotheinvestmentinputintohumanresources,and,id,greatachievementshavebeenmadeintermsoftheinfrastructureconstruction,improvementofecologicalenvironment,developmentofscienceandededontheobtainedachievementsandimplementthescientificconceptofpressingaheadthepeople-oriented,comprehensive,harmonizedandsustainabledevelopmentputforwardbytheCPCCentralCommittee,iti,whilethelarge-scaleinfrastructureandecologicalenvironmenthavewitnessedobviousimprovement,theunder-developmentincertainareasthatarecloselyconnectedwiththepeople,transportation,hospitalizationandschoolingandthemonotonousanddullegion,toupgradefullythequalityoflifeandwelfarelevelandtoenhancethedevelopmentcapacityofthefarmersinthewesternregionsho,itisrequired,,theruralareasofthewesternregionarealsotheplaceswheremostoftheethnicm,toeliminatethegapofthebasicpubicservicesbetweenthisareaandtheothersandrealizetheequalizationofpublicservicesisnotonlyanobjectivedemandforbuildingawell-offsocietyinanall-roundwaybutalsotheursofthepublicservices,therearegreatgapsofpublicservicesbetweendifferentareasandtheurbanandruralareasinChina,:,,,ity,%%ofadministrativevillagesinthe,065townshipsand51,426establishedvillageshavenopassengertransportation,%%ofthecountry/,thepoortransportation,inferiorroads,badtrafficconditionsandgreatamountofgritroadsurfacesintheruralareashaveseriouslyrestrictedtheeconomicdevelopment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.澳门星际体育投注网

          澳门星际体育投注网FromJanuarytoMarch,,balanceofthebroadmoneysupply(M2)amountedto31050billionyuan,%ascomparedwiththesameperiodoflastyear,(M1)amountedto10700billionyuan,%overlastyear,(M0)amountedto2300billionyuan,%,fromJanuarytoMarch,theaccumulatednetwithdrawncashamountedto56billionyuan,with3,balanceofvariouskindsofChineseRenminbiandforeignexchangedepositsinallfinancialinstitutionshadamountedto31800billionyuan,%tedto30600billionyuan,%overthesameperiodoflastyear;,%,,balanceoftheChineseRenminbiandforeignexchangeloansinallfinancialinstitutionsamountedto21900billionyuan,up14%,balanceofvariousRenminbiloansamountedto20600billionyuan,%ascomparedwiththesameperiodoflastyear;,%,,,%,;thecollate%,,,%,fromJanuarytoMarch,,withani,

          ByHanJun,QinZhongchunCuiChuanyi,,ionforConstructingaHarmoniousSocietyinChinaRuralsocialsecuritysystemisasystemestablishedataspecificstageofsocialdevelopmentwithr,farmerswhohavelostland,ordinaryfarmers,ruralhouseholdswitheconomichardship,ruralhouseholdsinseverepoverty,andhouseholdsenjoyingthefiveguarantees(childlessandinfirmoldpeoplewhosefood,clothing,medicalcare,housingandburialexpensesaretakencareofandsubsidizedbythegovernment.).Ruralsocialsecuritysystemusuallyincludestheminimumsubsistenceallowancesforpoverty-strickenfarmers,old-agepensionsystemforordinaryfarmers,socialsecurityforfarmerswhohavelostlandandforfarmerworkers,identityandchangesinthesocialandeconomicconditions,themodeandcontentofrural,integratingitorganicallywithurbansocialsecuritysystem,andgraduallyperfectingthetwoandestablishingaunitedsocialsecuritysystemwithbothhavebecometheinevitablecourseforChinaintheprocessofcoordiotionofsocialfairnessOneoftheimportantbedrocksofsocialistharmonioussocietyistheequalityofrightsandopportunities,whichincludeequalopportunitiesforemploymentandeducation,equalbusinessandfinancingopportunities,,Chinasstandardsocialsecuritysystemonlycoverspartofurbanresidentsofgovernmentsectorsofthesociety,,mostruralhouseholdsstillseek“self-security”fromfamily,dustrialsociety,,inviewofthedevelopmenttendency,itisimperativetoprovidealargenumberoffarmerswithequalopportunitiesandrightsthroughasocialsecuritysystem,,,thenumberofelderlyover60hasexceeded10%ofthetotalruralpopulation,,%epeakofaging,theconstructionsofsocialsafetyandlegalsystemAstheindustrializationandurbanizationproceed,Chinahasenteredaphasewhenvarioussocialcontradictionsbecomeyhavenowenteredtheiroldageinsuccession,andtheevermoreprominentphenomenonofmoreoldpeopleandlessyoungpeoplehasalteredthetraditionalmodeloffamily-basedold-agecare,underwhichruralpeopleusu,ifnotproperlyhandled,,forwhomtheincomeislow,,138millionemployeesworkintownshipenterprisesandsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,whoseemploymentconditionsareunstable,,the,unabletoseekregularemploymentafterlosingtheirland,,everyyearinruralareasthereareabout70millionvictimsofvariousdisastersandover76ionandcontrol,safeguardtherightsandinterestsoffarmersanddisadvantagedgroups,embodyngcoordinateddevelopmentandbridgingthegapbetweenurbanandruralareasTheunevendevelopmentbetweenurbanandruralareashasalwaysbeenanoutstandingcontradictioninChinaydevelopment,whensocialandeconomicdevelopmenthasreachedcertainlevels,wecanexpeditethedevelopmentofthebasicsystemofruralold-agepensionandreducethegapbetweenurbanandruralareasandpromotecoordinateddev,Chinahasalreadyenteredastageinwhichindustriespromotethedevel,easesocialcontradictionsthroughsystemandmechanismconstruction,increasefarmers,whichmeansChinahasprimarilylaidthematerialfoundationforiforadvancingtheinitialperiodafterthefoundingofnewChina,theprimarytaskofthePartyandtheGovernmentwastopressforwardrurallandreformsoastoensurefarmerstohavetheirownlandandtocarryoutasysteminruralareaswithfamilysecurityasthedominantformofsocialsrySessionofthe11thCPCCentralCommittee,thestateadoptedaplannedeconomicadministrationsystem,muchattentionhasbeenattachedtopo,ru,generallyspeaking,acompletesystemframeworkhasnottakenshape;easfollows:...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.BySuYangResearchReportNo072,2006The,theruralareasinChinawerenotedforalowlevelofindustrialization,,theenvironmentalproblemsinChina’sruralareasweremainlymanifestedindesertification,,however,ruralpollutionhasbecomeanincreasinglyseriousproblemasChinahasspedupthepa,lionsofruralpeople,butalsoeventuallyimpairedthelifeandhealthofurbanpeoplethroughwater,air,ntrysideasoneofitsgoals,solvingtheenvironmentalpollutioninthtionChina’sruralmodernizationinvolvestheintensificationandindustrializationofthemodeofproduction,theurbanizatio,toacertainextent,,whilethecountrymovesfromanagrariansocietytoanindustrialsociety,thestructureoftheruralindustrya,thesecondaryindustryfeaturingruralenterprisesha,townsandtownshipsandevennaturalvillagesareassumingthecharacteristicsofurbanizationandmakingtattheenvironmentalpollutionintheprocessofruralmodernizationcanbeclassifiedintothreecategoriesaccordingtothedifferentsourcesofpollution:ductionWithahugepopulationandscarcelandresources,Cisetheunitlandoutput,and,inadditiontothelargeramountofchemicalfertilizersandpesticidesconsumedintherapiddevelopmentoffruitandvegetableproduction,hasalsoturned[1].Convertedintounitcultivatedarea,theuseofchemicalfertilizersis40tonspersquarekilometers,,butalsoaggravatedtheorganicandeutrophicpollutionofthewate,surface-sourcedpollutioninmanyregionsGulfalsoindicatesthatthesourceofpollutionthathaseutrophicatedwaterbodiesmainlycomes,thesurface-sourcedpollutantsintheTaihuLakehasaccountedformorethanon,,ofwhich,,soilandfarmproducts,in2002indicatedthat20-60percentoftheproductswerefoundtocontainpesticidesand20-45percentofthemwerefoundtoexceedthelimits,,chemicalfertilizersandpesticideshaveturnedthepollutionofthewaterenvironmentinChina’seasternregionsfromtheconventionalpoint-sourcedpollutiontothecompoundpol,,morethan600,auforEnvironmentalProtectionindicatedt,s,thiskindofpoll,,becauseofthepopularizationofchemicalfertilizersandtheadjustmentoffuelstructure,ironmentbutalsocausesgreettlementsandthepoorenvironmentalmanagementAsmodernizationgainsmomentum,,newvillagesandnewhouses,planningandinfrastructureconstructionhavebeenlaggingbehind:,neglectingtheorganiclinksoftheseplanswiththeplansforlanduse,,thetownsandruralsettlementsei,thedomesticpollutantsfromthetownsandruralsettlementsaregenerallydischargeddirectlyintotheadjacentenvironment,makingtheenvironmentdirty,,theruraldomesticgarbagetotalingabout120milliontonsayearisalmostentirelypiledintheopenairandtheruraldom,theenviroreauforEnvironmentalProtectionindicatedthatexceptfortheair-pollutionindicator,allotherenvironmentalindicatorsoftheruralsettlementswerealreadyworsethanintheurbanareas.澳门星际体育投注网

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          Figure1GrowthRateofOutputValueoftheEnterprisesaboveDesignatedScaleintheFirstSevenMonthsof2008(atcurrentprice)dium-sizedenterprises,buttheirassets-profitratiosweresimilarInthefirstfivemonthsof2008,thesales-profitratio(totalprofit/salesrevenue)%,%,theirassets-profitratio(totalprofit/totalassets),%%.Afterthesectorsofoilprocessing,electricityandwatersubjecttostrictpricecontrolareexcluded,%%thanthoseoflargeandmedium-sizedenterprisesInthefirstfivemonths,,%,,%andmedium-sizedenterprisesInthefirstfivemonths,Chinahadatotal343,%ofthe35,200largeandmedium-sizedenterprisessufferedloss,%ofthe308,,privateandotherenterprisesgrewfasterIntermsoftotaloutputvalue,,%HongKong,MacaoandTaiwan,%,%,bothprivateenterprisesandotherenterprisespostedafairlyfastgrowth,%%(%)gKong,%,atthesameleveloftheaveragegrowthrateofallindustrialenterprises.澳门星际体育投注网ByHouYongzhi,ZhangJunkuo&LiuFeng,,2007SincethefoundingofNewChina,especiallyaftertheimplementationofthepolicyofreformandopening-up,China,certaininconsistenciesandproblemsarealsoaccumulatedinthisprocess,andthemostprominentonesarespacedevelopmentindisorder,inefficientspaceallocationofresourcesandfactorsandpartlyimpairedre,ChinasoutlineoftheEleventhFive-YearrategyofChinasnationallandspacedevelopment,enrichesanddeepensthestrategyofregionalcoordinateddevelopment,ebeginningoftheFirstFive-YearPlantonow,theevolutionofChinasregionalstrategiesandpolicieshasmainlyexperiencedthreestages:(1)Theperiodbetweentheearly1950sandtheThirdPlenarySessionoftheEleventhCPCCentralCommitteewasinsupportofthedevelopmentofinteriorregions;(2)Theperiodbetweentheearlystageofreformandopening-upandtheturnofthecenturywasfortheencouragementofthepioneeringdevelopmentofcoastalregions;(3)Theperiodbetweenthisnewcenturytopresentistopromotethecoordinateddevelopmentofdifferentregions.(1),clearregionaldevelopmentstrategieswerenotlaidoutinthisperiod;instead,",inordertobalancethedistributionofindustrialdevelopment,"Thefundamentalideawasthatindustrialdistribution,inmainconsiderationofnationalpoliticsandsecurityofnationaldefense,waspromotedintotheinteriorregionsbymakingbestuseofcoastalindustrialbasesandproperexternalsupportsandresortingtomandatoryplanning,thusformingthepatternofrelativelybalancednationalindustrialdistribution,first,theproportionofinteriorregionswasincreasedintheallocationoffixedassetinvestment;second,oldbusinessesinthestFive-YearPlan,among156keyprojectsassistedbytheSovietUnionforconstructionand538keyprojectsdesignedbyChina,2/3wereinthenortheastandinteriorregionsandtheother1/3inthecoastalregions(1/5ofthe156projectswereinthecoastalregions);investmentinthe11provincesandcity,includingLiaoning,Heilongjiang,Jilin,Beijing,Shanxi,Hebei,Henan,Hubei,Sichuan,ShaanxiandGansu,%onstructionofthe"ThreeLines"2,174projectsweretransferredfromShanghai,Beijing,TianjinandLiaoningwhichboastedcomparativelygoodindustrialdevelopmentconditions.(2)Thsreformandopening-upmar,"thedevelopmentstrategyofcoastalregions""toallowandsupportpartofthepeopleandregionstobecomerichfirstthroughhonestlaborandlawfulopera"Thefundamentalideawasthatinmainconsiderationofacceleratingeconomicgrowthandincreasingrapidlycomprehensivenationalstrength,thecoastalregionscouldtaketheleadindevelopingthemselvesbymakingbestuseoftheirgeographicadvantagesanddevelopmentbasesandcultivatingspecialpolicyenvironmenttoattractdomesticandforeignadvancedproductionfactorsintothecoastalregionsandthenthedevelo,first,,Zhuhai,ShantouandXiamenwereestablishedin1980,14coastalcitieswereopenedin1985,PearlRiverDelta,YangtzeRiverDeltaandSouthFujianDeltaweredesignatedastheeconomicopenzones,thespecialeconomiczoneofHainanwasfoundedin1988andPudongNewDistrictwassetupin1992;second,achainoffavorablepoliciestothecoastalregions,suchasreductionandexemptionofenterpriseincometax,delegatingtheapprovalandestablishmentrightofinvestmentprojecttoloweradministrativeorgans,raisingtheproportionoflocalshareofforeignexchangeearned,openingfinancialservices(permittingoverseasfinancialinstitutionstosetupheadquartersorbranchesinthecoastalregions),cultivationanddevelopmentofcapitalmarket(settingupstockexchangesinShenzhenandShanghai);andthird,toencourageinstitutionalinnovationinthecoastalregionsandallowthecoastalregionstobreakthroughthelimitationsofrelevantlawsandpoliciesofthecentralgovernment.(3),twomajorissuesarosefromChinasregionaleconomicgrowthincludingth,thecentralgovernmentputforwardclearlythethoughtofcoordinateddevelopmentofregionaleconomiesinformulatingTheNinthFive-YearPlanforNational,inaccordancewiththethinkingof"TwoOverallConcerns"byDengXiaoping,thecentralgovernmentputforwardrespectivelythestrategyofwesterndevelopmentin1999,thestrategyofrevitalizationofnortheastChinaandotheroldindustrialbasesin2003,,inlightoftherequirementoffullyimplementingascientificoutlookondevelopment,the11thFive-YearPlanhasfurtherimprovedandifferentregionsisactuallyasystemofapackageofstrategieswhichincludesthefacilitateddevelopmentofthewesternregions,therevitalizationofnortheastChinaandotheroldindustrialbases,thepromotionoftheriseofthecentralregion,theencouragementofpioneeringdevelopmentoftheeastregion,thesupportofthedevelopmentofoldrevolutionaryareas,ethnicareasandborderareas,theaccelerationoftheestablishmentofmainfunctioentofregionswaslaidoutintheNinthFive-YearPlan,itsstrategicformati,thestartingpointofpromot,amongthestrategiesofcoordinateddevelopmentofdifferentregions,somehavecomeintobeingandarebeingimplemented()andtheothermighthavebasicthoughtsbutwithoutimplementationplans()....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,:OntheTenMajorRelationshipspublishedin19562In1964,withanaimtobetterformulatetheThirdFive-YearPlan,thecentralgovernmentadjustedthedistributionofproductiveforcesintermsofthefirstline,thesecondlineandthethirdlineinaccordanc;,certainplaceswereanningandEighthFive-yearPlanforNationalEconomicandSocialDevelopment.

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