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        大唐官网appLiuShijin,LongGuoqiang,WangXu,ShiYaodong,,,,tradeandinvestmentenvironment,marketstructure,degreeofglobalization,industrialmaturity,andthepotentialfordemandgrowth,,asectorthatwouldtheoreticallysuffermoreshocksmayendlatedtotheresponsestrategyafterWTOaccession,ingfromWTOaccessionasmuchaspossibletoreducerelevantrisksandcosts,maximizeadvantages,minimizedisadvantages,andemphasizeadjustment,,,peopleinsomeregions,sectorsorenterpriseshaveoveremphasizedthe"shocks"and"challenges".Someofthemevendeemedtheaccessionasanimminentdisasterandregardedtherequiredadjustmentandreformmeasuresas"somethingagainsttheirwill".Thenwehavetocomebacktotherudimentalquestion:whyshouldwejointheWTOIfcanbringusonlyormainlyshocksanddifficulties,,,joiniresoftheworldeconomicandpoliticaldevelopmentandoutofthestrategicconsiderationofChina’,despitealltherisksanduncertainties,thecentralauthorities,,,thepressureofadjustmentwillbeconcentratedontheareasofemployment,incomedistribution,,msthroughadjustment,,suchastrategywillleadtoadilemmainwhichthedisadvantagesofthetraditionalsystemcativeAdvantagesTheactiveresponsivestrategycanbesummarizedas"givingfullplaytoamajorpowercompetitiveadvantagesundertheconditionsoffurtheropening".ThepurposeistoexpeditedomesticadjustmentandreformandcreateaneffectivemarketenvironmentwiththenewopeningconditionsafterWTOaccessionsothatChina’sexistingandpotentialcomparativeadvantagescanbeturnedintocompetitiveadvantagesandChiwillfirstofalldependonhowtounderstand,nurtureanddevelopChina’’seconomicadvantages,manyoftheminthesenseofeconomics,aremainlymanifestedinthefollowingaspects:’slargestpotentialfordemandgrowthinmanyproductsandservices;,capitalcostalsodeclinedtoacertainextent;Chinahasadvantagesinthemanufacturingindustrywhichfocusesonassemblyandprocessingsectorandhascertaintechnologicalcontents;Chinahasthe"delayedstamina"intheareasoftechnology,managementandsystemthatareacquiredthroughlearningfromadvancedexperience;TheChinesepeoplehavethetraditionaltraitsofbeinggoodatdoingbusiness,’,someindustrializedcountries,suchasBritain,France,GermanyandItaly,stillhaveapopulationoflessthan100millionpeople,ionand100millionrespectively,theycannotcomparewithChina’,instead,itisthefactthatsuchalargepopulationhasbegunenteringthemid-stageofindustriali,andquiteprobablyso’surbanandruralpopulationisrelativelywide,lencerateofaparticularproductisnotveryhigh,’smobilephone,relyingmerelyonthedomesticmarketcanfullyrealizetheeconomyofscaleandscopeandcanaccommodateseverallargeenterprises,largepopulationbaseandunevendevelopmentcanensuresomeinorsismaintained,amanufacturingadvantagewithrelativry,textileindustry,heavyindustryandchemicalindustry,Chinaisnowenteringadevelopmentstagethathighlightsprocessing,assemblyandmanufacturingindustriesedbythestateforalongperiod,turingindustriesbuiltwit,theimprovementintechnologyandmanagementduringthisperiodhasmarkedlynarrowedtheg,Chinahasnotseenadrasticriseinthecostoflabor,land,capita’svastter’sseeminglyendlesssupplyofcheaplabor,especiallytheskilledworkers,techniciansandmanagerialpersonnelthatarenotedforrelativelyhighqualificationsandrelativelylowincomescomparedwiththeinternationalstandards,hasen,thetraditiona,theinterestrateshavebeencutcontinuously,makingChina’low-costadvantageinproductionfactorsareattractingmoreandmoreforeignmanufacturingcapacitiestoChina....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LuZhongyuanResearchReportNo043,’sInvestment-ConsumptionRelationshipAnalyzingthefactorsaffectingthechangesintheinvestment-consumptionrelationshipisabsolutelynecessarytointerpretingthecausesandmech’incomeandtheupgradingofconsumptionstructureconstitutethefundamentalstartingpoi,residents’incomeinChina’surbanandruralareashasrisenrapidly,andclothingweremetbyfarmproduce,somepeoplehavemovedto,theEngel,,theEngelcoeffic’’consumptionandtheupgradingofthestructureofconsumptionhaveposedanobjectivedemandthattherateofendconsumptionshouldbeincreastionforalongtimeisinconsistentwiththegrowingdemandofthepeople’sco’sresidents’consumptiongrowthisstillenormousandthespaceforresidents’’srelativelyhighinvestmentrate,whilethedecliningdispositionofresidents’co,China’soverallsavingsrate(theproportionoftotalsavingsinthetotaldisposableincomeofallcitizens)stayedsteadilyaround40percent,farhigherthantheworld’,theoverallsavingsrateintheUnitedStateswas15percent,buttheresidents’,China’sinvestmentrateduringthesameperiodwasalsoabout40percentonaverage,whichwasalsofarhigherthantheworld’’soverallsavingscomefromresidents’,thehouseholdsectoraccountedfor53percent,,thefinancialinstitutio’stotalinvestment,,,thenon-financialenterprisesaccountedforashighas77percent,’stotalsavingsandthatofitstotalinvestmentshowsthatthehouseholdsectorwasthelargestfundingsurplussector,whichconstitutedthemostimportantfundingsourceoftheinvestmentbythecorporatesec’shighinvestmentrateisthehighlevelofdomesticsavings,especiallythehighresidents’ingapore,,’incomeisatagivenlevel,thehigherthedispositionofsavings(namelytheproportionofsavingsindisposableincome)is,thelowerthedispositionofconsumption(namelytheproportionofconsumptionindisposableincome)’dispositionofsavingsdeclinesandtheirdispositionofconsumptionrises,theinvestmentratewillfall,,theChinesepeople’sdispositionofconsumptionhasgraduallydeclined,,theaverageconsumptiondispositionofChina’,’consumptioncontinuestofallandthegrowthofconsumptionspendingcontinuestoslowdown,thedispositionofsavingswillbeinevitablytoohigh,whichwillhaveanegativeimpacton,acoordinatedchangeinthedispositionofresidents’savingsandconsumptionisofvitalimportancetorationalizingtherelationshipbetweeninvestmentandconsumption....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------1GuoHao:AnAnalysisofChina’sCapitalFlow,ScienceofFinanceandEconomy,Issue4,:2003:China’sConsumptiononFastTrack,EconomicDaily,January21,2003.

        大唐官网app’%oftheenterpriseskeptnormaloperationthisyear,,,%;%;%.Thatistosay,(lastyear,),,%managersansweredthattheirenterpriseshadmadeprofits;%keptbreakeven;%,’,49%ofthemanagersthoughtitwould"turnforthebetter",%predicted"nochange",%forecast"worsening".,%plannedtoincreasetheirinvestment;%intendedtoreduceinvestment;and23%,moreinvestmentinterestwasexpectedtogotosuchindustriesaspharmaceutics,ironandsteel,electronics,non-ferrousmetals,,enterprisesintendingtoincreasei,managersofmostenterprisesfeltopt,%felt"veryoptimistic",%respondedwith"relativelyoptimistic",andonly11%were"notsooptimistic".Itisfurtherobservedthat15%oftheenterpriseshadbeeninvolvedintherealmofhighandnewtechnologies,%,%want%,newtechnologiesforenvironmentalprotection,"haveparticipatedin"or"plantoparticipatein"overalldevelopmentofwesternChina,%and45%,"marketexpansion"%ofenterpriseschosethisformwhichwasfollowedbytechnologicalco-operationpreferredby23%(11%),investment(%)andtalentsupport(%)....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiShantong,FengJieLiuFengInMarch2004,theDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyResearchDepartmentoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,theAsianDevelopmentBankInstitute(ADBI)andtheDevelopmentResearchCenterofJilinProvincialGovernmentjointlysponsoredtwointernationalseminarsinBeijingangard,ntoftheNortheastTheproblemsofNortheastChinaareshapedintime,,entofthemarketeconomy,,theStateadoptedaseriesofpolicymeasures(suchasinfusinglargeamountsofcapitalintothestate-ownedenterprises),thesepolicieseasedmanyconflictsinthedevelopmentprocessoftheNortheast,butt,toimplementplanstorevitalizeoldindustrialbasesintheNortheast,wemustcombinedevelopmentpolicieswithreformstrategies,promotedevelopmentwithreform,,wemustnurturenewmarketactorsinthestrategicrestructuringofthestate-ownedeconomy;completecorporategovernancestructureduringstate-ownedenterprisesystemreform;setupandperfectthenewsocialsecurityandpublic-goodprovisionsystemsintheprocessofseparatingthemajorandsidebusinessoperationsofenterprises;effectivelytransformthefunctionofgovernmentintheprocessofseparatingenterpriseandgovernmentadministrativeresponsibilities,andshiftthefocusofgovernmentefforttothecreationofgoodinvestmentenvironmentandsafeguardingfaircompetitionenvironment;and,intheprocessofreformingoldindustrialbasesintheNortheast,graduallyestablisharegionaleconomicrevitalizationanddevelopmentpatterndominatedbylarge,psThereareover4300state-ownedandstate-c,theirgrossoutputaccountedforaround70%oftotaloutputofthestate-elopment,andtheimportantcontentofstate-owned,whichcoverswideareasandprovideslotsofjobs,,itisimperativetofindoutwhichcompetitiveareasthatthestatecapitalshouldexitfrom,andwhen,grams,soastoreformandrestructuretheSOEsonthebasisofguaranteedrightsandinterestsrisesProsperityofregionaleconomiescanneverbeindependentfromcoordinateddevelopmentoflarge,medium-sizedandsmallenterprises,,theenormousandthesophisticat,itisimperativetopromotesynchronizeddevelopmentoflarge,,,oneoftheimportantdirectionsofSOEreformistoraisethelevelsofspecializedproductionandsociallabordivisionthroughseparationofmajorands,enterprises’socialresponsibilitiesshouldbeliftedstep-by-step;governmentresponsibilities(suchasprovidingcompulsoryeducation)shouldbehandedovertothegovernment;andsocialresponsibilities(suchasrunninghospitals),sidebusinesseswithnoindustrialassociationtoenterprises,orwithindustrialassociationbutnooperationadvantage,,morespacewillbecreatedforthedevelopmentofthesmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,aswellaspreconly,Chinaisalr,thetotalvalueofimportformachineryandtransportationequipmentreachedaroundUS$tsrichhumanresourcesandstrongRDcapability,theNortheastregionpossessescertainfoun,,thereisnoregionorcountrythatenjoysproductionadvantageineverylinkageofequipmentmanufacturing,musttakeintoaccountofthebroadbackgroundofglobalintegration,aswellastheequipmentmanufacturingcapacitiesofotherregionsinChina,especiallythenewcatorientationsofthemanufacturingindustryintheNortheast,identifycertainlinkagesinthechainofequipmentmanufacturingindustrythroughdetaileddivisionofindustriesandmarkets,adoptclearandunifiedapproaches,lEconomicSystemWithgradualeconomicglobalization,,Mongolia,thePeople’sRepublicofKoreaandtheRepublicofKorea,theNortheastisChina’sfrontlineintheregionalcooperationofNortheastAsia,andhasthecondi,theopeningupoftheNortheastshouldtargetonabroaderarea,andaheastProvinceswithItsOwnCharacteristicsStrengtheningcooperationamongthethre,cooperationamongthethreeprovinceswillpromotecross-provinceassetrestructuringandfactormovementaswellasoptimizeeconomicrestructuringinthewholeregionthroughstrengtheningofoverallplanningandunifiedplanningofinfrastructureconstruction,,giventheweakcomplementarityandstronghomogeneityoftheeconomiesofthethreeprovinces,whenestablishingthenewindustrialdivisionandcooperationsystems,thethreeprovincesmustattachgreatimportancetotheinternalhorizontaldivisionofindustriesandmanufacturingindustries,andrealizecompetitioninopposite,thethreeNortheastprovincesmustalsoattachimportancetocooperationwithotherregionsinChina,suchascooperationwithregionsaroundBohaiSea,andwithInnerMongoliaintheareasofenergy,ecology,agricultureandanimalhusbandry....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

        ByZhangJunkuoResearchReportNo109,2006Thecoordinationofinterestrelationsamongv,,tobuildasocialistharmonioussociety,itisvitaltoidentifythefieldswheretheinterestrelationsinChina’ssocialdevelopmentisnotharmoniousandstudythecauseofthedisharmonyinordertogry’scurrentsituation,thefollowingfiveinterestrelations---relationsbetweenlaborandcapital;betweenurbanandruralareas;betweendifferentregions,betweendifferentindustriesandbetweendmetsociety,,whichmakesthecountryfaces’slegalsystemisnotcompleteonlaborers’organizationandprotectionoflaborers’legalrights,thelaborersarenaturallyinadisad,thecasesofinfringementuponlaborers’ing,buildingandminingindustries,,nearly60%henon-agriculturalindustriesthroughthevigorousdevelopmentofnon-farmingindustriessoastoraisetheproductivity,,weshouldconsiderthat,inthecourseofatransitionfromadualeconomy,howweshouldproperlysolvetheproblemrelatedtoincomeincreaseanddevelopmentofthepopulationwhowillcontinuetostayinthecountrysideanddofarminginafairlylongperiodoftimesothattheywouldalsofullyenjoytheresultofthecountry’sdevelopment,insteadof,Chinahasmadesubstantialprogressinruralandurbandevelopment,andthepeople’,thegapbetweentheincomesandlivingstandardsofurbanandruralresidentshavenotbeennarrowed,,in1978,theratioofurbanandruralresident’:,:,healthcare,education,transportandpublicservicesenjoyedbyurbanresidentsareincluded,thegapwouldreach5:1or6:citiesduetovaryingproductivityrates,elfareofurbanandruralresidentshasnotbeendeterminedbyproductivityrates,,,alculatetheincomeandlivingstandardgapbetweendifferentregionsandtheresultsvary,,thewesternregion,thenortheasternregionandthecentralregion,butalsobetweenthedevelopedregionsandregionswiththesamevaryingproblems,suchasresource-exhaustedareas,theoldrevolutionarybaseareas,areasinhabitedbyethnicminorities,meinvariousregionsduetoavastterritory,icyandsystemfactors,whichislike,theeasterncoastalregiondevelopedfirstwiththesupportfromthestate’,includingthecentralandwesternregions,wherethenaturalconditionsarenotasgoodasthatintheeast,thedevelopmenthrejuvenationstrategy,thesixprovincesinthecentralregionhavebecomeafewaretanousregions,,reformandpolicymeasuresmustbea,thegapcausedbythepolicydifferencesindevelo,theprincipleofpublicservicequalityshouldbeadheredtosothatalltheresidentswouldenjoythefairlysamelevelofwelfare.利升备用官网ChengXiusheng,LiWei-an,QiAnbangandWangXiaomingResearchReportNo044,rviceModernenterprisesusuallyusethefollowingfourpatternsofdistributionservice:(1)Theclientself-servicepattern(firstpartydistributionservices).Withthispattern,a"self-sufficient"pattern,hardlysocializedandspecialized,hasloweconomicefficiency.(2)Thesupplierdistributionservicepattern(secondpartydistributionservices).Withthispattern,asupplierusesits,thisservicepatternhashigherlevelofsocializationthanthefirstpartyservicepattern,,itsservicetargetsremainlimitedwithintheclientsofthesupplier.(3),athirdpartyofdistributionserviceenterpriseotherthanthetwopartiesofatransactionusesitsdistributionservicefacilitiesandequipment,thethirdenterprisethatprovidedistributionservicesmustcarryoutoperationandcertainmanagementtasksfortheownerenefficiencyandresults.(4),integratedmanagementserviceofmoderndistributionprovidedbyafourthserviceparty(whichisneitherthetwotransactionpartiesnorthethirdparty)to,whichincludesystemdesignfordistributi,itssubcontractorsandquasidistributionenterprises,whichincludeintegrationofdistributionservices,transportationandoptimalstoragemanagement,distributionandclientservicemanagement,,thedevelopmentofsocialiseddistributionservicesgenerallyundergoesthefollowingstages:(1)ThestageoftraditionalserviceThisisapatternandstageofsocialiseddistribution,thesocialisationofse(2)ThestageofsocialisedmoderndistributionThi,aproviderofthethirdpartymaycarryoutmostofthedistributionoperationofaclient(productionorcirculation)enterprise.(3)Thestageofintegratedandsocializeddistributions,whilethethirdpartyprovidescomprehensivedistributionservicestocliententerprises,thenewspecialisedprovidersofintegratedservices(thefourthpartyofdistributionservice)providciety,andconsequentlyformthepanChina(1)Chinaisinaninitialstageoftransitionfromthetradititherearestillalargenumberofenterprisesthatprovidetraditionaldistributionserviceand"quasidistribution",thenumberofthiskindofdistributionenterprisesisdiminishing,whilethenumberegivinguptheirprevioussimplifiedser,manyenterprisesofthirdpartydistributionser,themanufacturingandcirculationenterprisescontinuetoadoptthefirstpartydistributionasthemainservicepatternatpresent,,whilethefourthpartyservicepatternisstillinthestageoftheoreticalstudyandpublicity.(2)Self-spossessandmaintaintheirowndistributionservicefacilitiesfortransportation,storageandhandling,whileself-sufficientserviceremainsthemajorsourceofdistributionservicesforindustrialandcommercialenterprises.

        FengFeiResearchReportNo181,2002Thereformofthecurrentgovernmentcontrolledelectricalpowersupplysystemandtheestablishmentofamodernelectricalpowersupplysupervisionsystemthatconformstothereformtowardsmarketizationofthepowerindustryandrelevantgeneralinternationalpracticeisvitaltotheearlyestablishmentandeffectivefunctioningofthemarketmechanismofthepowerindustry,theeffectivemonitoringandaccelerationofthereformsinasmoothandorderlymanner,andthere,thesuccessorfailureofthepowerindustryreformdepe,however,thatthecurrentrefor—atthestateandregionallevels,withoutgivingsufficientconsiderationinitsdivisionofpor,,sincetheprovincialmarketsaredifficulttobecompressedwithinashortperiodoftime,theregionalsupervisorybodiesmaybecomeineffectiveastheyarefarawayfromtheprovincialmarketsandthereuponassumesafartoolargeareaofsupervision,leaving,inreality,,boththesupervisorybodiesandvariousma,atthebeginningofthereform,rtheregionalsupervisorybodies,th,the"weakimpact"ofthesebodiesonprovincialmarketsmaylikelypushtheprocessofcultivatingtheregionalelectricalpowermarketthroughthesetti,manycountrieshaveadoptedsystemreformsthatmainlyincludedparallelintroductionofmarketmechanismandrgsupervision(mainlyovereconomicregulations),introducingmaximummarketcompetitionmechanismintotheelectricalpowerindustry,adoptingtheconceptoflimitedscopeofsupervision(concentratingonsupervisionoverpowergridmonopolyofelectricalpowertransmissionanddistribution),settingthemainobjectiveofsupervisionasfacilitatingafullcompetitionamongeligibleelements,,themarketmechanismswillbeabletoplaytheirrolesinresourceallocation,,,theestablishmentofelectricalpowersupervisorybodiesandthedeterminationontheirte,,whenthemarketmechanismsarestilldeveloping,orwhentheyarestillimmature,,thesupervisorymechanismshouldbedynamic,astherearewidedifferencesbetweenprojectionsduringthmentTheidealelectricalpowermarketstructureandcompetitionmechanisms(withoutreferringtocompetitioninthesalesmarketofelectricalpowerforthetimebeing,soastocorrespondtothecurrentreformplan)mayhavethefollowingfeatures:(1)Themarketoperationmechanisms:Appropriateandeffectivecompetitionexistsinthepowergenerationmarket,andpricingforelectriributiongrids,andthegovernmentcontrolsthepricingoftransmissionanddistributionprices.(2)Themarketstructure:Nosingleelectricalpowerproducerhasdominatinginfluenceinthemarketandallentitiesmaintaintheirrespectivefairshare,allelectricalpowerproducercompaniesareindependentcompetitorsandhave/acquirediversifiedstockequitystructures.(3)Themarketstate:Aunifiedmarketwithoptimumcompetitionhastakenformandthesituationofattemptedself-sustainedbalanceofelectricalpowersupplyofindividualprovinceshasundergonefundamentalchange,nationalpowermarkethasalsogrownintoanappropriatescale,tionalscale;an,theremaybetwoapproachestosetupthepowersupervisionbody:Oneisathree-tierstructure,namely,thepowersupervisionmechanismconsistedofthreelevelsincludingthestate,regionsandcertainprovinces(ormunicipalitiesdirectlyunderthecentralgovernmentorautonomousregions).Theotherisatwo-tierstructure,namely,thesupervisionmechanismconsistedofonlytwounitsatthestateandregionallevels,leavingnosimilarunitsattheprovinciallevel....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------1Certainly,thismarketinconceptislimitedtothemarketofcompetingpowerproducers,aswellastheelectricalpowersalesmarkettobesetupgraduallyinfuture.大唐官网app

        大唐官网appmorethantwodecadesofefforts,Chinahaspreliminarilyestablishedaframeworkofthesocialistmarketeconomicsystem,withmarketstartingto,itneedstoberealizedthatthecurrentmarketeconomyisstillamarketeconomythat’sunderdeveloped,incompleteandimperfect,withdeeprootedcontradictionsstillfundamentallyunresolvedleftbehindbythetraditionalplannedeconomy,andisencounteringmanysuitingtotheneedsofeconomicdevelopment,,,China’smaintaskforthefutureistograduallyimprovethesocialistmarketeconomicsystemthat’,Chnnedeconomywillbecompletelyresolved,abasicframeworkfortheneweconomicsystemandarelatedmechanismwillbesolidlyestablished,majorrelationshipsintheeconomiclifewillbebasicallysmoothedout,market’sfundamentalroleinresourceallocationandees:--Compositionands,complementaryandcoordinatedintheirdevelopment.--Amodernenterpnagerialsystems.--Theelementmarketdeve,,openandstandardizedmarketsystemandmarketorderbasedoncredithasbasicallytakenshape.--Amulti-tiersocialsecuritysystemisbasicallyestablithefficiencyandfairness.--Thegovernmenthasmadesubstantialprogressintransformationofitsfunctionsandgiveseffectiveplaytoitsfundamentalroleineconomicregulation,marketsupervision,--Intermepreliminarytakenshape.--Alegalsystemandasetofethicalstandardsadaptivetothesocialistmarketeconomy’seffort,orby2020,Chinastrivestobuildarelativelycomplete,--Thequalityandefficiency,forthesystemamechanismofself-adjustmentandself-improvementistakingshape.--Thesocialistmarketeconomicsystemshouldadapttochangesandchallengesposedfrombothdomesticallyandinternationallyanddulymakesysteminnovations.--Ruleoflawandsocialethicswillplayasignificantlymoreimportantroleinthesocialistmarketeconomy,andalegalsystemandethicssuitingtotheneedsofsocialistmarketeconomyiswidelyacceptedandfollowedbyallsocialmembers.--Progressshouldbemadeinstrivingforcommonprosperityandsocialfairnesssothatfruitsofeconomicandsocialdevelopmentcanreasonablybenefitallsocialmembers.--Inlearningfromothermodesofmarketeconomicsystemsintheworldandinthecourseofcompetingwithothereconomies,ChinashouldbuildupitsuniqueadvantarmfortheNearFutu,propellingtheconstleftbehilethepart"withinthesystem"ofthetraditionalplannedeconomyremainedfundamentallyuntransformed,thegovernmentattemptstoresorttofastdevelopmentofvariouseconomicformats"outsidethesystem"thatareconducivetothemarketeconomy,includingcollectiveownership,newtypesofstate-ownedeconomy,privateeconomy,foreigncapitaleconomyandcorporationtypeeconomy,toincreasetheproportionofmarketeconomyintheoveralleconomyandallowthepropo’sgiganticgrowthpotentialhasmadepossiblethismodeoftransformation--"fastergrowthforthemarketeconomyoutsidethesystem".Thecoreofthe"withinthesystem"partismainlythoseoldandlarge-sizestateownedenterprises,state-own"irontriangle"relationship,,importantprogresshasbeenachievedintaxation,currencyandforeignexchangesystemsinthemacromanagementsystem,coupledwithfasttransformationofsmallstate-ownedenterprises,andsomelimitedprogressinthereformofsomelarge-sizestateownedenterprises,butreformofthecorepartoftheoldsystemcanriskstothenationaleconomy,restrict,socialsecurityresponsibilitiesandbaddebts,allhavedirecti,establishmentofasocialistmarketeconomicsystemandrapidsustainedgrowthoftheChineseeconomyarecreatingrelativelymatureconditionsfortacklingthedeepseatedsystemcontradictionsleftbehindbytheoldsystem....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

        Datasource:WorldInvestmentReportpub,theestablishmentofnewinvestmentfacilitiesandsecond,,forexample,(forecast),downby83percent,,ChinastoodoutamidtherecedingwaveofmergerandacquisitionbecauseitsFDIinflowhadalwaysbeenmainlyintheformofnewbusinessesta"newbusinessestablishment"wasthattheforeigncapitalinvestmentconstitutedanetincreaseofindustrialcapital,whichcouldrapidlyexpandproduction(service)capacitiesandcoulddirectlyincreasecommodity(service)’smarketwheresupplyfallsshortofdemand,thiswasundoubtedlythemostrationalmodeofFDIinflow,andalsoamarketbackgroundagainstw,ithasreflectedtheupgradingofenterprisequality,,’smarketwheresupplyanddemandisbyandlargeinbalance,mergerandacquisitionoughttograduall,China’sFDIinflowintheformof"newbusinessestablishment"ngtowarda"globalmanufacturingbase".AccordingtotheexpositionbyScholarJiangXiaojun(firstissueofManagementWorldin2003),transnationalcorporationsinthef,aMotorolasubsidiary,announcedthatitwouldestablishanewproductionbaseinChinainAugust2002,,MinoltaandNMVisualSystemsannouncedsimultaneouslythattheywouldexpandtheiroptorliquidcrystaldisplays(TFT-LCD),mCiudadJua’sfirstnewproductsinceitsestablishment--CompaqEvo–weremadeinitsplantinShanghai,"LGBeijingTowers"asChina’sofficecenter,andthiswasonlyoneofthecompany’,China’sF,thenewguidelinesconcerningthereformofgovernmentassetsmanagementsystemputforwardatthe16thNationalCongressoftheCPCwillnodoubthelpthegovernmentstoreleasetheirst"unifiedownershipandindistinctionbetweengovernmentadministrationandassetsmanagement"to"gradedownershipandseparationofgovernmentadministrationfromassetsmanagement"Forlong,ourgovernment-ownedcompanieshavefailedtosolvetwobasicissues:theunclearpropertyrightownershipandthe,areChina’sseveralhundredsofthousandsofgovernment-ownedcompaniesallownedbythecentralgovernmentandmanagedbythegovernmentsatvariouslevels,oraretheyownedbythegovernmentsatvariouslevelsAllthestipulationsinthepastemphasizedthatthestate-ownedassetswereownedinaunifiedwaybytheStateCouncilinthenameofthest,thecentralgovernmentwastheowner,,thecentralgovernmentmayhandoveranypoor-performingenterprisesatanytimetothelocalgovernmentsfor"gradedmanagement",andmaytakeoveranywell-performingenterprisesfromthelocalgovernmentsto"exerciseownershipright".Theearningsarisingfromthesellingofstockrightsbythelocalgovernmentsaresometimesplacedunderthecontrolofthelocalgovernments(forexamplethenon-listedcompanies),orsometimesplacedunderthecontrolofthecentralgovernment(forexamplethelistedcompanies).Withregardtothebadaccountsincurredtothefinancialinstitutionsofthelocalgovernments,thecentralgovernmentsometimessolvesthemontheirbehalf,andsometimesdeclaresthat"hewhohasthechildtakescareofhim"(forexamplethecaseoftheGuangdongInternationalTrustInvestmentCorporation).etermsofanenterprise’smergerandacquisitionandthenallofasuddenthegovernmentatthehigherlevelsaysthatthelocalgovernmenthasnorighttoselltheenterprise,thiswillundoubtedlybesomethingreallyannoying....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByWuJinglianResearchReportNo195,seconomicgrowthsincethefoundingofthePeoplesRepublichasbeenfollowingthepat,thecontemporaryeconomicdeenturytotheearlystageofgrowt,thh,whichlast,thedevelopedcountriesenteredaperiodofeconomicgrowthcharacter,thedevelopmenteconomicsformednewtheorieaseriesofnegativeeconomicandsocialconsequences,suchastheworseninglivingconditionsoftheworkingclassandtheseriouspollutions,whichwerecalledtheevilsoftheso-called"ManchesterCapitalism".theratioofcapitaltolaborandtheratioofinvariablecapitaltovariablecapital,namelytheorganiccompositionofcapital,theratioofvariablecapital(capitalusedforwagepayment)tivelysurpluspopulation(namelytheunemployedpopulation).Inotherwords,theincomeoftheworkersortheproportionoftheirconsumptionfundsinthenationalincomewouldbecomeincreasinglysmaller,whichinturncausedth,sanalysisofthemodeofeconomicgrowthintheearlyye,whiletheearlyindustrializedcountrieshadallturnedtothemodernmodeofefficiency-drivengrowthinthelate19thcentury,thesocialistcountriesledbytheSovieinthe1920scharacterizedbyaconsciousintroductionoftheearlycapitalismmodeofgrowth,namelythe"lineofsocialistindustrializationgivingprioritytothedevelopmentofheavyindustry".This"lineofsocialistindustrialization"putfo,itwasoutofpracticalneed,theneedthattheSovietUnionsurrsethelegitimacyoftheirlineandsuppresstheinner-partyopponentsinthepartysstrugglesthattheycitedtheexpositionsontheearlygrowthofcapitalismmadebyVlnsectorproducingmeansofproduction,fastinthemeansofproductionsectorproducingconsumergoods,ateinvestmentmadetoensuretheprioritygrowthoftheheavyindustrywasaconsciousapplicationofthe"basicprinciplesofMarxstheoryofreproduction".Stalins"lineofsocialistindustrialization"wasconfirmedbytheSovietCommunistPartyastheonlycorrectlineinthecountrys"campaignagainstrightopportunism",Feldman,aneconomistoftheSovietPlanningCommission,wasauthorizedto,knownastheFeldmanmodel,,includingChina,ismodeofgrowthasfromthelate1950sandtooksomemeasuresinthecourseofreformandopeninguptoalleviateandeliminateitsconsequences,achangeinthemodeofgrowthhasneverbecomofindustrialization,somecountriesandregionsinEas,thesecountriesandregi,,toagreatextent,becausemanycountriesandregionsinEastAsiaadoptedanexport-orientedpolicyandreplacedtheshrinkingdomesticdemandwiththeexportdemandsoastoeasethesl,theexport-orientedpolicyfeaturingtheappropriategovernmentprotectionofnationalenterprisesandthedevaluationofnationalcurrencieswasoftenregardedasoneoftheimportantmagicweaponsforcreatingthe"EastAsianmiracle"eformin1994,Chinaalsosuccessfullyusedthisapproachtoseekavigorousexportgrowthandtosupportasustainedrapideconomicgrowthwiththerobustexportdemand.大唐官网app

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        朱莉

        波浪板生产线

        Accordingtotheindicessuchastheproportionofoverseasturnoversinthecompany’stotalturnovers,globalresourcesdistributionandoperationalcapability,enterprises’overseasoperationcouldbeclassifiedintothreestages–internationalized,,throughitspreliminarystudy,holdsthatChina’senterpriseswithoverseasoperationarebasicallyattheprimaryinternationalizedstage,asmallportionofenterpriseshasstartedtheirtransnationaloperation,andofthem,a’sentelizedoperationsarewidelydistributedamongtheindustries,andsomehighlyexport-orientedenterprisesinallindustriesarealmostatthisstage,alindustries,manyenterprises’proportionsoftheiroverseasmarkethavegrownconsiderably,manyenterpriseshavetheirownindependentdepartmentsresponsibledirectlyfortheirexports,andsomeenterpriseshavetheirownoverseasm’senergy,steel,andchemicalindustries,somelarge-scaleenterpriseshaveinvestedinoverseasresourcebases,manyenterprisesareconductingexportandoverseasoperations,,telecommunicationsandtrade,somelarge-scalecompanieshavemanyoverseasnetworkoutletsandbusinessactivities,theirmainbusinesses,however,ibutedintheindustrieswhicharehighlyinternationalizedandinwhichChina’senthaveaccountedforabigproportionoftotalbusinesses,andtheyhaveestablishedtheirmarketingser,electronic,’senterprisesinthiscategoryareusuallyhighlycompetitiveonthematuredoverseasmiddleandlow-grademarket,,andtheamountanddepthoftheiroverseasmarketingandmanufacturingnetworks,asmallnumberoflargeenterprisesinChina’sIT,electronicandelectromechanicalindusbalresources,however,theseenterprises,Huawei,TCLandHaierintheITandelectronicindustriesandWanxiangintheautomobilepartsindustryareactuallypioneeringenterprisesinthemoveofChina’,Lenovo,TCLandHaierhaveallcarriedoutmergerandacquisitionactivitiesontheoverseasmarket,andWanxianghasbeguntomakeinvestmentoverseasfrom1992andhasacquir’sEnterprisesCarryoutTransnationalMergerandAcquisition:AnObservationandPreliminaryAnalysisTransnationalMAisanimportantwayforente,China’senterprises,especiallyforthoseenterprisesintheautomobile,IT,electronic,energyandsteelindustries,lytoobtainnaturalresources,andtransnationalMAbyenterprisesintheautomobi,particularlyMAactivitiesforthepurposeofobtainingnaturalresources,themajorityofdomesticpeoplecouldunderstandtheirmotivationsandconditions,,becausetheymainlytargetattheoverseasmarketandmainlyacquireintangibleassetssuchasbrands,channelsandRDteams,orinotherwords,softassets,peopleinCmarketshares,includingthehigh-endmarketshare,’businessoperationsbyChineseenterprisesisa"frog-leap",andthenormalprocessshouldbeexports→establishmentofoverseasmarketingnetworks→establishmentofoverseasplants→ionalMAbyChineseenterprisesismainlytoacquiremarket(clients,channels),andthenstrategicassets(includingtechnology,brands,localservicecapability,manufacturingcapability,intellectualpropertyrightsandRDcapability)andefficiencyoflargescaleproduction(synergeticeffect).ThoseMAactivitiesaremainlyMAintermsofstockandassets,butinessence,ghtrelationshipafterMA,andtheseniormanagementsfrombothpartiesjointlyformtheseniormanagementofthenewcompany,anditismainlya"friendlyMA."TheWanxiangCompanyintheautomobilepartsindustryconductedseveraloverseasMA,forexpandingandaccumulatingknowledgeabouttheoverseasmarket,China’slargeenterprises’overseasoperations,China’slargeenterprisesconductoverseasMAmainlyaimedatobtainingmarketshareandstrategicassets,andimprovingefficiency(SeeTable2),whichenjoythesimilarmotivationoftheITenterprises’,particularlyadvancedenterprisesamongthem,begintoconductoverseasMAbeforebuildingastrongerfootholdonthedomesticmarketThepreliminaryanalysisofChina’sITenterprisesfoundthattherearethreemajorreasonsforChina’senterprisestobegintransnationalMAbeforebecomingstrongeronthedomesticmarket:China’senterprises’certaincomparativeadvantagesinsomefields,strategicchoiceconformtothechangesinindustrialenvironment,andtheawarenessandentrepreneurshiptoseizetheglobalizedopportunities.大唐官网appHanJun,XieYang,XiaoJunyan,CuiXiaoli,YuBaoping,PanYaoguoLuoDan,,2005Intermsofpurposes,theconsumerdemandforgraincomprisesfourparts:food,feed,,thetotalgraindemandforayearshouldmeetthefollowingequation:thetotalgraindemandfortheyear=graininventoryatbeginningoftheyear+grainproductionoftheyear+netgrainimportoftheyear–workoutt’srelevantdata,thisreportwillanalyzethefeaturesandtrendsofthechangesinChina’’sConsumerDemandforGrainChina’sgrainstatisticsmainlycovercereal,,beansandtubersaccountedforabout11-13percentofthecountry’,however,grainstatisticscovercerealoutputonly,,,thestructureofcerealconsumptionhasundergonemajorchangesSince1990,,reofthedemandforcereals.

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